Minimally Invasive Shoulder SurgeryThe shoulder is a ball-and-socket joint, and is easily injured due to its inherent instability. The femur, or upper arm bone, connects to the shoulder blade by snuggly fitting within the glenoid, a cavity located in the scapula that allows the femoral head to rotate freely. Lining the glenohumeral joint is a ring of cartilage called the labrum, which provides additional stability. If this cartilage is damaged, significant shoulder pain can arise, oftentimes leading to surgery.
Shoulder SurgeryShoulder surgery was first performed in the United States in 1953 with great success, and has become one of the safest and most common surgeries being performed today. Surgeons have refined the procedure, as well, utilizing new techniques, such as arthroscopy and other minimally invasive procedures, to provide patients with the greatest amount of comfort possible.
Shoulder replacement surgery can be performed in a minimally invasive manner for both total shoulder replacement as well as partial shoulder replacement. Total shoulder replacement surgery involves replacing the end of the femur with a new femoral head component. The glenoid is cleaned of any diseased bone or cartilage and capped with a concave component. Partial shoulder replacement, also known as hemi-replacement, requires only the replacement of the humeral head.